Milan Vavrek photo Dr. Milan C. Vavrek
Professor of Natural Resource Management, Land Resources Department
204 Waco Center
304-462-6375
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Education

Doctorate in Biology - West Virginia University; 1994
Master of in Biology - West Virginia University; 1990
Bachelor in Botany - Kent State University; 1978

Academic Honors

Outstanding Instructor/Director of Research Teaching, College of Applied and Natural Sciences, Louisiana Tech University 2004
Outstanding Researcher, College of Applied and Natural Sciences, Louisiana Tech University- 1999
Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi

Current Professional Organizations

Member, Editorial Board of Population Ecology
Association of Southeastern Biologists
American Chestnut Foundation
Ecological Society of America
Society for Ecological Restoration

Previous Teaching Experience

Professor of Natural Resource Management, Glenville State College, 2010- present
Associate Professor of Natural Resource Management, Glenville State College, 2006-2010
Assistant/Associate Professor in Biological Sciences, Louisiana Tech University, 1996-2006
Visiting Professor, Department of Biology, West Virginia University, 1994-1996
Summer Instructor, Department of Biology, West Virginia University, 1994-1996
Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Biology, West Virginia University, 1988-1994

Awards

Outstanding Student Organization Advisor Award. 2011. Glenville State College.
Murray F. Buell Award, Honorable Mention. 1994. Ecological Society of America.

Grants

R. Gazal and M.C. Vavrek. 2012. Enhancing the knowledge and skills of students through the application of advanced forestry tools in forest measurements. Weyerhaeuser Foundation.

Vavrek, M.C. 2011. Enhancing environmental assessment and restoration skills in future natural resource managers. Dominion Foundation.

Vavrek, M.C. and R. Gazal. 2011. Enhancing student knowledge of natural resource management by expanding students’ skill set to include integration of field data with geospatial information. Weyerhaeuser Foundation.

McGraw, J.B. and N. Fetcher. 2008-2012. Implications of ecotypic variation for the response of tundra plants to climate change. National Science Foundation (ARC - OPP/ARC - Arctic Natural Sciences), Senior Collaborator.

Cain, B.W., M.C. Vavrek and W. Colgan III. 2005-2007. Use of mycorrhizal fungi to restore refuge land degraded by produced water (brine). US Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Contaminants Program, On-Refuge Investigations Sub-Activity.

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, D. Vavrek, W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. 2003-2005. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan: Preliminary work and meeting. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Thoma, G., M.C. Vavrek, H. Hunt, D. Vavrek, W. Colgan III and K. Sublette. 2005. Fiber rolls as a tool for re-vegetation of oil-brine contaminated watersheds. Integrated Petroleum Environmental Consortium.

Leffler, A.J. and M.C. Vavrek. 2005. Pioneering plants to remediate oil and brine spills. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Colgan III, W. and M.C. Vavrek. 2004. Pioneering plant species after oil spills: an inventory. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Colgan, W. III and M.C. Vavrek. 2003. Field application of AM fungi. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C. and W. Colgan. 2002. Restoration of an oil spill site: Hydroseeding. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Colgan, W. and M.C. Vavrek. 2002. Strain selection of AM fungi for restoration of oil/brine spill sites. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan and W.J. Campbell. 2001. Revegetation of oil brine spill sites. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 2000-2003. Effects of elevated CO2 and an altered moisture regime on an artificial pine plantation ecosystem. LA Education Quality Support Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan and W.J. Campbell. 2000. The role of plant-bacteria-fungal interaction in remediation of oak-hickory-pine systems. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Hunt, H.E., M.C. Vavrek, J. McKillip and M. McCurdy. 2000-2002. Arthropod indicators of onshore oil spill severity. LA Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 1999. Phytoremediation of petroleum: Identification of plant traits that enhance degradation. LA Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C. 1997-1999. Establishment and measurement of plots for the Keiffer Prairie Research Natural Area. USDA Forest Service Cost Challenge Agreement.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 1998. Use of donor seed banks in terrestrial vegetation recovery after an oil spill (Year 1). LA Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 1998. Incorporation of applied and research skills in undergraduate environmental science education. LA Education Quality Support Fund Enhancement Program.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 1997. Development of a germination index of sensitivity to applied oil (Year 1). LA Oil Spill Research and Development Program.

Vavrek, M.C. Consequences of seasonal variation for within-population genetic diversity. 1991. NSF Dissertation Improvement Award.

Publications

Bennington, C.C., N. Fetcher, M.C. Vavrek, G.R. Shaver, K. Cummings and J.B. McGraw. 2012. Home site advantage in two long-lived arctic plant species: results from two 30-year reciprocal transplant studies. Journal of Ecology 100: 841-851.

Vavrek, M.C. 2010. Spilled Gold (excerpt). Trillium 31: 86-88.

Vavrek, M.C., H.E. Hunt, D.L. Vavrek, B. Early and S. Brown. 2007. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan: Field assessment 2005 and 2006. Louisiana Applied and educational Oil Spill Research and development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 07.

Thoma, G., M. Vavrek, H. Hunt and K. Sublette. 2007. Fiber rolls as a tool for re-vegetation of oil-brine contaminated watersheds. Integrated Petroleum Environmental Consortium (IPEC) Final Report.

Vavrek, M.C., H.E. Hunt, D.L. Vavrek, B. Early and S. Brown. 2006. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan: Field assessment 2005 and 2006. Louisiana Applied and educational Oil Spill Research and development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 06.

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, D.L. Vavrek and W. Colgan III. 2005. Development of a brine spill site restoration plan: Preliminary work and conference. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 05.

Colgan III, W. and M.C. Vavrek. 2005. Pioneering plant species after oil spills: an inventory. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 05.

Colgan III, W. and M.C. Vavrek. 2005. Pioneering plant species after oil spills: an inventory. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 05.

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, D.L. Vavrek, W. Colgan III and W.C. Campbell. 2004. Development of a brine spill site restoration plan: Preliminary work. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 04.

Colgan III, W. and M.C. Vavrek. 2004. Field application of AM fungi. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 04.

Vavrek, M.C. and W. Colgan III. 2003. Restoration of an oil spill site: Hydroseeding. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series.

Colgan, W. and M.C. Vavrek. 2003. Strain selection of AM fungi for restoration of oil/brine spill sites. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. 2002. Revegetation of oil brine spill sites. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 02-012.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. 2001. The role of plant-bacteria-fungal interaction in remediation of oak-hickory-pine systems. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 2000. Phytoremediation of petroleum: Identification of plant traits that enhance degradation. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 00-012.

Vavrek, M.C., N. Fetcher, J.B. McGraw, G.R. Shaver, F.S. Chapin III and B. Bovard. 1999. Recovery of species diversity in tundra following disturbance. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 31: 254-258.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 1999. Use of donor seed banks in terrestrial vegetation recovery after an oil spill. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 99-009.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. 1999. Development of a sensitivity index for plant responses to applied oil. Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 98-011.

Campbell, W.J. and M.C. Vavrek. 1999. Development of a sensitivity index for plant responses to applied oil (Year 2). Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research and Development Program, OSRADP Technical Report Series 99-001.

Vavrek, M.C. 1998. Within-population genetic diversity of Taraxacum officinale (Asteraceae): Differential genotype response and effect on interspecific competition. American Journal of Botany 85: 947-954.

Vavrek, M.C., J.B. McGraw and H.S. Yang. 1997. Within-population variation in demography of Taraxacum officinale: Season- and size-dependent survival, growth, and reproduction. Journal of Ecology 85: 277-287.

Vavrek, M.C., J.B. McGraw and H.S. Yang. 1996. Within-population variation in demography of Taraxacum officinale: Maintenance of genetic diversity. Ecology 77: 2098-2107.

Vavrek, M.C., J.B. McGraw and C.C. Bennington. 1991. Ecological genetic variation in seed banks. III. Phenotypic and genetic differentiation of plants from young and old subpopulations of Carex bigelowii. Journal of Ecology 79: 645-662.

Bennington, C.C., J.B. McGraw and M.C. Vavrek. 1991. Ecological genetic variation in seed banks. II. Phenotypic and genetic differentiation of plants from young and old subpopulations of Luzula parviflora. Journal of Ecology 79: 627-643.

McGraw, J.B., M.C. Vavrek and C.C. Bennington. 1991. Ecological genetic variation in seed banks. I. Establishment of a time-transect. Journal of Ecology 79: 617-625.

McGraw, J.B., K.W. Gottschalk, M.C. Vavrek and A.L. Chester. 1990. Interactive effects of resource availabilities and defoliation on photosynthesis, growth, and mortality of red oak seedlings. Tree Physiology 7: 247-254.

McGraw, J.B. and M.C. Vavrek. 1989. The role of buried viable seeds in arctic and alpine plant communities. In: Leck, M.A., V.T. Parker, and R.L. Simpson (Eds.), Ecology of Seed Banks, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp. 91-106.

Presentations

Fetcher, N., J.B. McGraw, S. Souther, C.C. Bennington, M.C. Vavrek, G.R. Shaver. 2013. Physiological variation in ecotypes of Eriophorum vaginatum along a latitudinal gradient. 98th ESA Annual Meeting, August, Minneapolis, MN.

Fetcher, N., J.B. McGraw, C.C. Bennington, M.C. Vavrek, C. Peterson and G.R. Shaver. 2012. Effect of ecotypic variation in on survival and performance of tundra plants. 20th Anniversary Workshop, ITEX, January, El Paso, TX.

Harold, H. and M.C. Vavrek. 2012. Depth to permafrost of Eriophorum vaginatum across a latitudinal gradient in northern Alaska. Undergraduate Research Day at the Capitol, January, Charleston, WV.

Geiger, M. and H. Dover. 2012. Seeds and safesites of West Virginia dandelions. Appalachia Trading Company, April, Glenville, WV.

Harold, H. and M.C. Vavrek. 2012. Depth to permafrost of Eriophorum vaginatum across a latitudinal gradient in northern Alaska. Second Annual Pioneer Showcase Creative Arts and Research Forum, April, Glenville, WV.

Chandler, J.L., J.B. McGraw, N. Fetcher, J.B. Turner, C.C. Bennington, G.R. Shaver and M.C. Vavrek. 2012. Evaluating the ecotypic response of Eriophorum vaginatum L. to shifts in high latitude climate patterns using a Leslie matrix model of tiller populations. 97th Annual meeting, Ecological Society of America, August, Portland, OR.

Turner, J.B., N. Fetcher, J.B. McGraw, Chandler, J.L., C.C. Bennington, G.R. Shaver and M.C. Vavrek. 2012. A test of the adaptational lag hypothesis using a long-term reciprocal transplant study with an arctic sedge (Eriophorum vaginatum). 97th Annual meeting, Ecological Society of America, August, Portland, OR.

Vavrek, M.C. 2012. Arctic tundra vegetation responses to climate change. International Week, October, Glenville, WV.

Fetcher, N., J.B. McGraw, C.C. Bennington, M.C. Vavrek, S. Souther, Z.K. Fowler and G.R. Shaver. 2011. Ecotypic variation in an arctic plant, Eriophorum vaginatum: A thirty-year experiment. Ecological Society of America, 96th Annual Meeting, 10 August, Austin, TX.

Schreckengost, C., M.C. Vavrek and S. Sawyer. 2011. Effect of Ailanthus altissima on a soil macroinvertebrate community. Chi Beta Phi Mini Conference, 16 April, Glenville, WV.

Shockey, M. and M.C. Vavrek. 2011. Biodiversity in transplanted Eriophorum vaginatum tussocks. Chi Beta Phi Mini Conference, 16 April, Glenville, WV.

Schreckengost, C., M.C. Vavrek and S. Sawyer. 2011. Effect of Ailanthus altissima on a soil macroinvertebrate community. First Annual Pioneer Showcase Creative Arts and Research Forum, 5 April, Glenville, WV.

Shockey, M. and M.C. Vavrek. 2011. Biodiversity in transplanted Eriophorum vaginatum tussocks. First Annual Pioneer Showcase Creative Arts and Research Forum, 5 April, Glenville, WV.

Schreckengost, C., M.C. Vavrek and S. Sawyer. 2011. Effect of Ailanthus altissima on a soil macroinvertebrate community. 86th Annual Meeting of the West Virginia Academy of Science, 2 April, Montgomery, WV.

Dove, H., C. Smith and M. Vavrek. 2010. Salt tolerance of Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima). 85th Annual Meeting of the WV Academy of Science, 10 April, Morgantown, WV.

Dove, H., C. Smith and M.C. Vavrek. 2010. Salt tolerance of Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima). 7th Annual Undergraduate Research Day at the Capitol, 28 January, Charleston, WV.

Smith, C., H. Dove and M.C. Vavrek. 2010. Effect of Ailanthus altissima on a soil macroinvertebrate community. 7th Annual Undergraduate Research Day at the Capitol, 28 January, Charleston, WV.

Gazal, R.M., J.L. De La Cruz, M.C. Vavrek, B.J. Gatens and T.A. Smith. Influence of roads on the dispersion of invasive plants in an Appalachian forest. Opportunities in a Forested World, National Convention, Society of American Foresters, 1 October 2009, Orlando, FL.

Lantz, J.M., N. Pahoundis and M.C. Vavrek. Effect of Ailanthus altissima on a forest macroinvertebrate community. West Virginia Academy of Sciences. 84th Annual Meeting, 28 March, 2009, Glenville, WV.

Lantz, J.M., N. Pahoundis and M.C. Vavrek. Effect of Ailanthus altissima on a forest macroinvertebrate community. Undergraduate Research Day at the Capitol on 12 March, 2009, Charleston, WV.

Lamb, J., N. Pahoundis and M.C. Vavrek. The effects of Ailanthus altissima on forest macroinvertebrates. Chi Beta Phi 61st National Conference. October 2008, Glenville, WV.

Vavrek, M.C. Approaches for oilfield brine contaminated sites. Chi Beta Phi Science Colloquium. 13 February 2007, Glenville, WV.

Toma, G, M. Vavrek, H. Hunt and K. Sublette. Fiber rolls as a tool for re-vegetation of oil-brine contaminated watersheds. 14th Annual International Petroleum Environmental Conference. 6-9 November 2007, Houston, TX.

Early, B.S., M.C. Vavrek, H.E. Hunt, W.B. Patterson. Environmental characteristics of oil-brine spills in bottomland forests of Louisiana. 10-15 June 2007. Society of Wetland Scientists (SWS) Annual International Conference, Sacramento, CA.

Vavrek, M.C. and H. Hunt. Application of fiber rolls to restore brine spill scars. 23rd Technical Seminar on Chemical Spills (TSOCS), Environment Canada, 8 June 2006, Vancouver, BC.

Vavrek, M.C. and H. Hunt. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan – Sites assessed in south Louisiana. OSRADP May Research Symposium, 9 May 2006, Baton Rouge, LA.

Leffler, J. and M.C. Vavrek. Pioneering plant species after oil spills – Sites assessed in south Louisiana. OSRADP May Research Symposium, 9 May 2006, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C. Restoration: Innovative solutions on brine and oil containment sites. Clean Gulf, November 9-10, 2005, Galveston, TX (invited talk).

Roberts, L. and M.C. Vavrek, M.C. Biorestoration of oil brine spills: A look at the natural restoration of a compromised ecosystem. Clean Gulf, November 9-10, 2005, Galveston, TX.

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, D. Vavrek, W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan: Preliminary work (YR 2) and symposium. OSRADP Research Symposium, May 4, 2005, Baton Rouge, LA.

Clark, B., W. Colgan III and M.C. Vavrek. Phytoremediation of oil-brine spill sites using AM fungi and hydroseeding technology. Oil Brine Spill Remediation Conference, March 4, 2005, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, W. Colgan III and D. Vavrek. Status of oil brine spill site remediation. International Petroleum Environment Conference, October 12-15, 2004, Albuquerque, NM (proceedings).

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, W. Colgan III and D. Vavrek. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan – Preliminary work and symposium. Clean Gulf, November 17-18, 2004, Tampa, FL.

Colgan, W. III, R. Patrick and M. Vavrek. Rhizosphere fungal diversity in oil and brine contaminated soils. International Petroleum Environment Conference, October 12-15, 2004, Albuquerque, NM.

Clark, B., W. Colgan III and M.C. Vavrek. Field application of AM fungi for phytoremediation of oil-brine spill sites. International Petroleum Environment Conference, October 12-15, 2004, Albuquerque, NM.

Colgan, W. III and M.C. Vavrek. Pioneering plant species after oil spills: an inventory. Clean Gulf, November 17-18, 2004, Tampa, FL.

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, D. Vavrek, W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan. OSRADP Research Symposium, May 12, 2004, Baton Rouge, LA.

Colgan, W. III and M.C. Vavrek. 2003. Field application of AM fungi. OSRADP Research Symposium, May 12, 2004, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C., H. Hunt, D. Vavrek, W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. Development of an oil brine spill restoration plan. Clean Gulf Conference, 13th annual, November 19-20, 2003, New Orleans, LA.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and J. Monroe. The use of a hydroseeder to revegetate oil brine spill sites. International Petroleum Environmental Conference, 10th annual, November 11-14, 2003, Houston, TX.

Colgan III, W. and M. Vavrek. Symbiotic fungi and plant performance in oil brine contaminated soil. International Petroleum Environmental Conference, 10th annual, November 11-14, 2003, Houston, TX.

Patrick, D.R., W. Colgan III and M. Vavrek. Molecular methods to describe rhizosphere fungal communities from oil brine contaminated soils. International Petroleum Environmental Conference, 10th annual, November 11-14, 2003, Houston, TX.

Campbell, W.J., M.A. Osuna and M.C. Vavrek. Responses to elevated carbon dioxide by a regenerating pine ecosystem. Plant Biology 2003, Annual meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists, July 2003, Honolulu, HI.

Vavrek, M.C. and W. Colgan. Restoration of an oil spill site: Hydroseeding. Clean Gulf Conference, 12th November 5-7, 2002, Galveston, TX.

Vavrek, M.C. and W. Colgan. Restoration of an oil spill site: Hydroseeding and bioremediation. OSRADP Research Symposium, May 2002, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Identification of plant traits that enhance biodegradation of oil. 9th Annual International Petroleum Environmental Conference, October 2002, Albuquerque, NM.

Colgan III, W., M.C. Vavrek and J. Bolton. Revegetation of an oil brine spill: interactions between plants and mycorrhizal fungi. 9th Annual International Petroleum Environmental Conference, October 2002, Albuquerque, NM.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. The role of plant-bacterial-fungal interaction in remediation of terrestrial oil spills. Annual Meeting, Ecological Society of America, August 2002, Tucson, AZ.

Osuna, M.A., M.C. Vavrek and W.J. Campbell. Effects of elevated carbon dioxide and competition on loblolly pine seedlings. Annual Meeting, Ecological Society of America, August 2002, Tucson, AZ.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. Revegetation of oil brine spill sites. LA OSRADP Research Symposium, May 2002, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C., W.J. Campbell. Contribution of seed banks to freshwater wetland vegetation recovery. Proceedings, Freshwater Spill Symposium, US EPA, March 2002, Cleveland, OH.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III, W.J. Campbell. The role of plant-bacterial-fungal interaction in remediation of terrestrial oil spills. Proceedings, 8th Annual International Petroleum Environmental Conference, November 2001, Houston, TX.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. Revegetation of oil brine spill sites. 11th Annual Clean Gulf Conference, October 2001, Mobile, AL.

Vavrek, M.C., H.E. Hunt, J.B. Hillard, W. Colgan III, W.J. Campbell, J.L. McKillip, M. McCurdy. Biotic response to oil contaminated environments. 24th Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar. June 2001, Edmonton, Alberta.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. The role of plant-bacteria-fungal interaction in remediation of oak-hickory-pine systems. LA OSRADP Research Symposium, May 2001, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C., W. Colgan III and W.J. Campbell. The role of plant-bacteria-fungal interaction in remediation of oak-hickory-pine systems. Clean Gulf 2000 Conference, November 2000, New Orleans, LA.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Phytoremediation of petroleum: Identification of plant traits that enhance degradation. LA OSRADP Research Symposium, May 2000, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Phytoremediation of petroleum: Identification of plant traits that enhance degradation. Clean Gulf '99 Conference, November 1999, Galveston, TX.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Impact of oil spills on regeneration ecology of wetland plant communities. Annual Meeting, Ecological Society of America, August 1999, Spokane, WA.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Use of seed banks for oil spill restoration. Proceedings, 22nd Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program Technical Seminar, June 1999, Calgary, Alberta.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Use of donor seed banks in terrestrial vegetation recovery after an oil spill (Year 1). Clean Gulf '98 Conference, October 1998, Biloxi, MS.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Development of a germination index of sensitivity to applied oil. LA OSRADP Research Symposium, May 1998, Baton Rouge, LA.

Vavrek, M.C. and W.J. Campbell. Development of a germination index of sensitivity to applied oil (Year 1). Clean Gulf '97 Conference, October 1997, Kenner, LA.

Vavrek, M.C., N. Fetcher, J.B. McGraw, G.R. Shaver, F.S. Chapin, III, B. Bovard and A. Gatesman. Recovery of species diversity in tundra following disturbance. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 78: 201 (abstract), 1997, Albuquerque, NM.

Vavrek, M.C. and C.C. Bennington. Is the effect of selection concentrated on life history stages with high mortality? Annual Meeting, Society for the Study of Evolution, July 1995, Montreal, Quebec.

Vavrek, M.C. Effects of seasonality on within-population genetic diversity of Taraxacum officinale. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 75: 236-237 (abstract), 1994, Knoxville, TN.

Vavrek, M.C. and J.B. McGraw. Within-population seasonal and spatial variation in demography of Taraxacum officinale. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 74: 469 (abstract), 1993, Madison, WI.

Vavrek, M.C., C.C. Bennington and J.B. McGraw. Phenotypic differences between plants from old and young buried seeds of Carex bigelowii and Luzula parviflora. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 70: 286 (abstract), 1989, Toronto, Ontario.